Zero Conditional , Conditionals Type 1

Conditionals
Zero Conditional

1 – İngilizce Öğretmeni ( Bireysel – Kişiye Özel – İngilizce Öğretmeni )
2 –
İngilizce Öğretmeni ( 4 kişilik gruplara  – İngilizce Öğretmeni )

If we heat water, it vaporises.
If a man always eats a lot, he gets fat.
As seen above, zero conditionals expresses general truth or fact. In a zero conditionals sentence, the verb in both clauses are in the simple present tense.

 

Exercise 1. Complete these sentences, using the correct form of the verbs in the box.

die / burn / melt / can keep / not wear / heat / cut / go / stop / boil / be / become

 

 

 

1 If we freeze water, it……………..ice.
2 If you………….your finger, it bleeds.
3 If it…………….windy, the sea becomes wavy.
4 If we heat butter, it……………….
5 If we heat water at 100 degrees centigrade, it ……………
6 If we………………a piece of metal, it expands.
7 If a mans heart………………., he dies.
8 If we dont keep food in a refrigerator, it……………..bad in time.
9 If we keep food in a refrigerator, we………………it fresh for a while.
10 If you…………….your raincoat or use your umbrella while it is raining, you get wet.
11 If we throw a piece of wood into the fire, it…………….
12 If we take a fish out of water,it…………….

Conditionals Type 1
Study the example.

 

 

If my father gives me enough money, I will/can buy this camera.
conditional clause             main clause

= Perhaps my father will give me enough money to buy this camera, but I am not sure.

As you see, we use if+present to express something needed to make something else possible or not, or something on which another thing depends. In the main clause will, can, may, must etc. Can be used according to the situation.

Exercise 2 Make conditional clauses with if, combining the pair of sentences.

 

1  He may stop smoking. He will be healtier.
If he stops smoking, he will be healtier.

 

2  You can work regularly. You may be successful.
3  We may walk faster. We will arrive at schooll before teacher begins
4  The young may listen to their parents reccomendation. They wont have any big problems.
5  Tom may not pay his tax just in time. He  has to pay a fine.
6  We may not go to his birthday party. He will be unhappy.
7  It is possible for a reason to build a house illegally. It will be pulled down by the local authorities one day.
8  Jane may always eat a lot. She will get fat.
9  They may travel by plane.They will save time.
10  It is possible for a company to refuse to pay a reasonable pay rise. Workers will strike.

Exercise 3. Choose the correct form of the verb.

 

1  If we aren’t in a   hurry, we miss / will miss the bus.
2  Will you go to the party if you had  been invited / are invited ?
3  How will you feel if your father scolded / scolds you ?
4  I will be extremely happy if you come / are going to come to my birthday party.
5  The canditates will be given an oral test if they pass / are passing the written test.
6  If you dont like the food, we can go / have gone to another restaurant.
7  You feel too tired if you dont have / arent having enough sleep.
8  If I will make / make a mistake, will you please correct me?
9  He will wash / is washing your flat if you give him the key.
10 If you have lots of work to do, we can go / are going to the seaside later.

Exercise 4. Complete these sentences, using the correct form oft he verbs in brackets to make real conditionals.

 

 

1   If the boss………………(offer) me the job of secretary, i will accept it.
2   If your parents allow you,…………you………….(go) to the cinema with me?
3   If we…………..(not buy) her a birthday present, she can be disappointed.
4   The police is going to detain you if you…………..(throw) eggs at the minister.
5   If you follow my advice, you…………..(not have) any problem.
6   You can  find yourself in trouble if you……………(not obey) the law.
7   If it ……………….(rain) heavily during the match, the refee can  cancel it.
8   The boss may get angry with the secretaryworking in the office if she……………..8ask) him for a pay rise.
9   If you …………….(be) tired, we may take a short break.
10  If you are offered to work overtime, what………..you………………(do)?

Exercise 5. Match the clauses meaningfully.

1 If it doesnt rain tomorrow,………………………..
2 If she leaves home at nine, …………………….
3 What will you buy, …………….
4 Where will you stay
5 Who will you inform
6 If she is found guilty,
7 If you enrol at this school,
8 If we donr hurry
9 If you do enough exercises,
10 If a motorist drives carefully,
11 If you help me with my homework,
12 If i decide to come,
13 If you dont apologise to her,
14 If you cant come to us today,
15 If she doent wear thick clothes,

a. if you travel to Ankara?
b. who will pay for your studies?
c. we will play football.
d. if you get the money today?
e. if you go on holiday?
f. she can catch the 9:15 train
g. she can be sentenced to several years imprisonment.
h. we will be late for school
j. she will catch cold
i. I will  let you know.
k. you can learn much beter.
l. I will be very grateful.
m. we will visit you tonight.
n. she will never forgive you.
o. he wont have an accident.

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences with your oen words.

 

1 If you help me , ……………………..
2 They will visit the museum if they …………………
3 Mary will enrol on a music course if she …………….
4 We wont be surprised if my girlfriend ……………..
5 I will come home early this evening if  I………………….
6 Will it disturb you if  I………………
7 If you have worked hard, I…………………..
8 If I dont come until seven, you ………………
9 If you take this painkiller, your toothache …………….
10 She will succeed if she …………………

Exercise 7. Fill in the blanks with if or when

 

1 …………………..it rains tomorrow, we wont go for a picnic.
2 ……………….. I get up in the morning, my mother will make tea.
3 ……………… we finish this job, we will go home.
4 …………….. anybody asks form e, please tell them I am busy.
5 Can you help me ……………. You finish your work.
6 ……………….. I told my father this, he was very surprised.
7 ……………….. you finish your composition early, can you help me with the ironing?
8 ……………….. the sun sets, lets meet on the shore.
9 ……………….. you go to the USA, you will learn at least a little English.
10 ……………… you can’t solve the problem, dont worry, we can do it together later.

Exercise 8. Arrange these words to make meaningful sentences.

 

 

1 the / try / they / to / invite / will / party / we / if / go / to / us.
2 feel / you / to / and / sleepy / you / dont / now / tired / tomorrow / bed / if / go / will.
3 problems / driving / he / some / goes / way / this / in / have / he / on / if / will.
4 pleasure / them / they / you / ask / with / hel / will / you / if.
5 at / are / we / this / oclock / we / can / five / if / job / finish / quicker / bit / a.
6 be / rains / cancelled / if / the / may / match / it.
7 dirty / painted / if / walls / they / must / are / the / be.
8 hotel / stay / closed / we / the / will / at / if / same / been / hasnt / it.
9 a / give / she / with / graduates / will / she / party / if / a / degree / good.
10 vase / the / it / let / him / if / child / break / may / you / this / carry.
11 a / hurry / we / a / take / we / are / taxi / in / if.
12 job / can / us / if 7 finish / we / help / the / you.
13 contest / reward / if / first / the / comes / in / given / be / she / a / will / she.
14 if / a / take / before / arrive / taxi / can / we / noon / there / we.
15 cash / give / you / in / pay / discount / a / percent / ten / of / can / we / if.

Unless = if ……….. not
Study the examples.

 

Unless you hurry, you will miss the train.
= If you do not hurry , you will miss the train.

Unless you obey traffic rules, you may cause a traffic accident.
= If you do not obey traffic rules, you may cause a traffic accident.

I wont go to the party unless I am invited by name.
= I wont g oto the party if I am not invited by the name.

As seen above, unless is an alternative subordinating conjunction for some conditional clauses. It has got a negative meaning, often the same as if …… not.
Unless can only be used in real conditions.

Exercise 9. Rewrite these sentences, using unless instead of if……….not.

1 If you dont hurry, you will be late for school.
2 If they dont pay their tax on time, they will have to pay some fine.
3 If we dont work hard, we cant finish the work today.
4 If it doesnt rain tonight, we will water the trees tomorrow.
5 If she doesnt take private lessons, she will fail the exam.
6 We will be late fort he match if we dont take a taxi immediately.
7 They will not help you if you dont ask them to do.
8 Dont talk if you are not allowed.
9 Dont take any medicine if it is not prescribed by a doctor.
10 Dont drink the milk if it has not been boiled for about half an hour.
11 If you dont have enough sleep, you will feel tired the next day.
12 If it doesnt rain tomorrow, they will go on a picnic.
13 You will waste your time if you dont make a plan beforehand.
14 Nobody will help you if you dont ask them.
15 He wont be able to pass his exams if he doesnt take private lessons.

Zero Conditional , Conditionals Type 1

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